Amber’s Story: Ruptured Aneurysm

The only visible sign of Amber Gray’s ordeal is the long slender scar   that runs along her forearm. It is the area where a surgeon carefully removed her radial artery, which was needed to bypass a damaged artery   in her brain.

Another scar, where Mario Zuccarello, MD, opened the skull to perform the bypass and clip a bleeding aneurysm, is barely visible, curving   silently around her hairline on the left side of her head. A third scar, along her neck, fits neatly into the natural crease in her skin.

Within two years after suffering a  life-threatening aneurysm rupture and stroke, Amber Gray, the Xavier University basketball player, had made a remarkable and full recovery.

Amber, whose surgery took place at the UC Medical Center, said she regards Dr. Zuccarello as “a hero who saved my life.”

Dr. Zuccarello, a neurosurgeon with the UC Neuroscience Institute and Mayfield Clinic, is Chairman of the UC  Department of Neurosurgery and a nationally  recognized physician and  researcher in the area of cerebrovascular  disease.

Amber, a former Lakota West High School All-American, had finished  her freshman season with  the University of Tennessee women’s basketball  team when her troubles  began. After undergoing shoulder surgery for a  torn rotator cuff, she was in the recovery room at St. Mary’s Medical  Center in  Knoxville, Tennessee, when a brain aneurysm, a balloon-like  bulge on an  artery in her brain, ruptured, causing a bleeding, or   hemorrhagic, stroke.

Tentatively diagnosed with a spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage,  Amber was flown to  the UC Medical Center, home of the UC  Neuroscience Institute,  for advanced neurological, neurosurgical and neurocritical  care. Pooja Khatri, MD, a UC Health Neurologist who was on service at the time, recommended a  diagnostic angiogram “based on the location of blood,” and the aneurysm  was discovered. “Once we saw the aneurysm, we promptly referred her to  neurosurgery to secure it,” Dr. Khatri said. “I was so glad we found it  so that we could fix it and keep it from bleeding again in a worse way.”

“We went from celebrating the success of her shoulder surgery to   finding out that she had had a stroke, then realizing that she had   suffered a brain hemorrhage and an aneurysm,” said Amber’s mother, Tonya Carter.

Amber and her family had no inkling that she had an aneurysm prior to   that day. No one in her family had ever suffered a ruptured aneurysm,   so she was not a candidate for screening. “Among young people, only   those with a family history of brain aneurysms should be considered for   screening,” Dr. Zuccarello said.

Amber’s delicate and complex surgery took 12½ hours. Dr. Zuccarello first had to restore optimal blood flow to Amber’s brain by performing   an arterial high-flow bypass between the external carotid artery (at  the  neck) and the large branch of a middle cerebral artery inside her   skull. The procedure, also known as an extracranial-intracranial bypass,   accomplishes for the brain what a coronary bypass accomplishes for the   heart. Dr. Zuccarello used the radial artery from Amber’s arm to  bypass  the damaged cerebral artery. After a vascular surgeon  “harvested” the  radial artery, Dr. Zuccarello attached it to her  carotid artery at the  neck, threaded it under her skin and into her  skull, and then attached  it to a healthy artery. That mission  accomplished, he then attached a  clip to the aneurysm, effectively  stopping the bleeding. “In this  operation there are many surgical  steps, which account for the length of  surgery,” Dr. Zuccarello said.

Amber has few memories of her time in the Neuroscience Intensive Care Unit in Cincinnati.

“I remember going into my shoulder surgery in Knoxville,” she   recalled. “And then I remember one specific day when I was at UC, and   that’s because my best friend came to see me: Mark Brogden, who played   football for Lakota West. And then my favorite teacher, Michelle Day,   who was my English teacher at Lakota West, came to see me. I remember   that. And honestly, I don’t remember too much of anything else.”

Of course, Amber’s mother, who likened the whole experience to   getting hit by a bus, has vivid memories and still gets teary when   recounting them. “When Amber was still at St. St. Mary’s and in   intensive care and on oxygen, the entire basketball team made a   horseshoe around her bed, and they all held hands and prayed for her,”   Tonya said. Amber’s teammates, along with the Tennessee coaching staff   and administration, continued to support her in Cincinnati. Several of   them flew in, including Pat Summitt, the legendary coach of the Lady   Vols.

Tonya said she is forever grateful to Dr. Zuccarello and the entire surgical and neurocritical care team at the UC Neuroscience Institute.

“From the very first consultation with Dr. Zuccarello, the care they took in determining and explaining what medical procedure she would   undergo was impressive,” Tonya said. “I also want to mention the care   she received in total. All of the nurses, even the physical therapists   at UC — whom Amber doesn’t remember – were so helpful. There was a time   when she couldn’t walk at all, and they were so encouraging, so   supportive, getting her up, getting her moving.”

Tonya also thanks Dr. Zuccarello for his cosmetic approach, which   left the attractive, 19-year-old Amber virtually unscarred. “He took so much care in doing the incision behind the hairline,” Tonya said. “He took off only a very small strip of hair, only what they truly needed.   He respected how she would look physically after the procedure.”

Amber left University Hospital after three weeks and continued her   intensive rehabilitation for another three weeks at Cincinnati’s Drake Center. As she left Drake two weeks ahead of schedule, doctors attributed her rapid and impressive recovery to state-of-the-art care and rehabilitation, her youth and athleticism, and her determination to regain her health. Mark Goddard, MD, Director of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at Drake Center and a PM&R physician at the UC Neuroscience Institute, described her recovery as “meteoric.”

Ten weeks after her stroke, Amber had completely recovered mentally  and was focused on rehabilitating her shoulder and spending time with    her family before heading back to school. She sat out the 2009-2010 season and then decided to  leave the University of Tennessee for   Xavier University, where she would  play for the Muskies and tackle XU’s famed core curriculum while living  a jump shot away from her family and doctors.

Dr. Zuccarello cleared Amber to play in 2010, and with a special  waiver from the NCAA she was back in the thick of it, averaging 3 points  per game over 22 games. A year later, as a 21-year-old junior, she has  worked her way into the starting lineup. A shatterproof mask, made of transparent thermoplastic and formed to her head and face, covered the area where Dr. Zuccarello opened her skull and protected her from any  impact she incurred on the court.

Meanwhile, in the realm of communications, she has chosen to share her story in an effort to give hope to others who are facing recovery   and rehabilitation following a neurological event. “There are a lot of people who have brain aneurysms and don’t stay positive,” Amber said.  “So I think my story is to encourage people to make sure they do stay   positive. I’m able to return to a sport that I love and play basketball   again, and that’s very important to me. And seeing my friends and  family  support me means a lot. I want others to be able to move forward  also.

“Dr. Zuccarello is a hero to me now. Without God, him, my friends, and my family, there’s no way I would have gotten through this. So as   much as I’m promoting staying positive, I know that with God you can get   through everything. I think my story truly promotes that.”

— Cindy Starr

* * *

Hope Story Disclaimer – This story describes an individual patient’s experience. Because every person is unique, individual patients may respond to treatment in different ways. Outcomes are influenced by many factors and may vary from patient to patient.

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